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Siberia’s Cold Storage Ice Tunnels

The Yamal Peninsula in northwest Siberia stays covered in permafrost all throughout the year, and while the winters are chilly, summers are comparatively warm, at least by Siberian standards. So when a fish processing plant was built here in the mid 20th century, what was urgently needed was a cold storage facility where fish caught in the Arctic waters could be stored before they are processed, packed and exported to western Europe.
The processing plant was located in the village of Novy Port on the mouth of the Ob River. The village was founded in the 1920s as an interim coal bunkering port where vessels traversing the Northern Sea Route would stop and refuel. Once the fish processing plant was established, fishery became Novy Port’s main industry.